Being the classical discipline of forestry management, silviculture aims at influencing the growth of forest stands and individual trees in such a way that the forest is better able to fulfil the demands made of it. Usually an increase in value and stability as opposed to natural hazards are in the foreground.

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How far does pollen travel?

Tree pollen travels large distances and there is considerable intermixing of genes in forests. This has both positive and negative consequences for forest management. Small stands are rarely genetically isolated, but seeds from seed stands are less pure than expected.

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Regeneration and Afforestation of Storm Damaged Areas

Post storm the question arises: How to reafforest a side adapted stand? Through the assessment of the site and the existing and expected natural regeneration, it is possible to estimate the potential of the area to regenerate naturally.

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Forest use and tree rings

Tree ring analysis is an important, efficient and low cost instrument for modern forest management. Drill cores as well as cross sections can be used.

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Can uniform spruce stands be transformed into mountain selection forests?

In the Swiss Alps there are many uniform spruce stands which, in the medium term, offer less resistance to natural hazards. How far is it possible to transform these spruce stands into non-uniform "mountain selection forests"? (8)
Using Black locust (Robinia pseudoacacia) for Energy or Valuable Timber Production

Excellent growing and wood properties make Robinia pseudoacacia the ideal tree for outdoor use, or short rotation biomass energy plantations. (14)
Quality and Management of Beech

The aim of beech management is to produce high value timber. However, in Austria we are far away from reaching this goal. (27)
Dendrochronology: The World’s Largest On-line Literature Database

The world-wide largest literature database for the dendrochronology of trees is accessible on the world-wide web. It includes over 10’000 references.

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Underplanting of beech beneath spruce: Canopy management and harvesting regime

As a summary, the shade tolerance in seedlings is maintained by leaf orientation, morphological plasticity, low leaf construction costs, and expansion of the leaf area. As a prerequisite, species-adequate nutrient supply has to be assured.

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Underplanting of beech unter spruce – site preparation and plant type

For the introduction of broadleaves under Norway spruce canopy a pathway has to be chosen from a variety of preparative measures, regeneration techniques and plant distribution patterns which are discussed in part 2.

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Underplanting of beech beneath spruce: Selection of sites

It has been estimated that at least 6 to 7 million hectares of pure Norway spruce (Picea abies) in Europe is located outside its natural range. For economical and environmental reasons, restoration of the former mixed broadleaved forests is believed to be a step towards sustainable forestry. (8)
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Heading image: Thomas Reich