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Competence Network Climate Change, Risk Management and Transformation in Forest Ecosystems

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Forest Research Institut Baden-Württemberg (FVA)
Department of forest economics

Wonnhaldestr. 4
D-79100 Freiburg

Tel:  +49 761 4018 231
Fax: +49 761 4018 333

Article

Author(s): Jutta Odenthal-Kahabka
Editorial office: FVA, Germany
Comments: Article has 0 comments
Rating:: To my favourites Print preview 89.089.089.089.089.0 (51)

Storm Handbook – Coping with Storm Damaged Timber

Ratgeber "Forstliches Krisenmanagement"
There is a Spanish translation of this Handbook. You can find a link to download the Spanish version in some of the articles.
Click here to download the Spanish translation of this article (PDF-file)

The department of Forest Economics of Baden-Wuerttemberg's Forest Research Institute (FVA) developed the "Storm Handbook – Coping with storm damaged timber" for the federal states of Baden-Wuerttemberg and Rheinland-Pfalz on behalf of the Ministry for Food and Rural Areas Baden Wuerttemberg and in collaboration with the Forest Research Institute Rheinland-Pfalz.

While clearing up the damage caused by storm "Lothar" (1999) it became clear that, despite a purposeful and coordinated action for coping with the damage, a practical handbook for on-site staff is needed to handle storm damage which might occur in the future.

So far, a practical guide for handling extreme damage situations for locally affected staff and forest owners is missing. This handbook deals primarily with technical instructions, gives suggestions and proposes solutions as a direct aid for coping with future storms.

Objectives

The aim of the project was to develop a practical and technically oriented handbook on how to cope with storm damaged forests. The main contents being basic and fundamental information as well as lastingly valid instructions to fill information gaps on how to deal with suddenly occurring calamities.

The collection of instructions, checklists and leaflets encompasses the whole process of coping with storm damaged timber and provides basic information. The handbook therefore creates a basic standard of knowledge, providing staff with a compendium for future storm calamities, enabling them to handle the damage in a well equipped, calm and efficient manner.

fva_sturmhandbuch_logo
Photos left and middle: FVA Freiburg, Photo right: R. Willmann

Outline of the Storm Handbook with links to the topics

1. First Measures and Survey of Damages

2. Strategies and Personnel Management

3. Salvage Logging and Work Safety

4. Timber Storage

5. Forest Protection

6. Timber Transportation

7. Regeneration and Afforestation

8. Subsidies and Public Relations

1. First Measures and Survey of Damages

Survey of Damages after Storm Events Survey of Damages after Storm Events

Exact information on the extent of storm damage is important to forestry offices/ forest authorities, forest districts as well as for forest administration management planning, organising and coping with the storm's aftermath.

30.03.2009
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A storm event – first measures A storm event – first measures

Risk to life? Important roads are barred? Which measures should be taken first after a storm event?

06.07.2005
78.6778.6778.6778.6778.67 (22)

2. Strategies and Personnel Management

Personnel Management at Salvage Logging Personnel Management at Salvage Logging

Without a doubt there will be an extraordinary high work load for all personnel after storm catastrophes. Appropriate personnel measures are necessary to support personnel motivation.

02.04.2009
62.3362.3362.3362.3362.33 (23)
The Forest Damage Compensation Law The Forest Damage Compensation Law

If national impacts on the timber market due to a storm catastrophe are expected, it's possible to reduce the regular cut in other non affected federal states by the Forest Damage Compensation Law.

01.04.2009
60.060.060.060.060.0 (10)
Foundation of a Solidarity Community Foundation of a Solidarity Community

The foundation of a solidarity community offers key benefits when coping with storm damages. The community of Gengenbach exemplified this after storm "Lothar".

01.04.2009
88.088.088.088.088.0 (11)
Order of harvesting and processing storm-damaged timber – proceeding in Baden-Württemberg after "Lothar" Order of harvesting and processing storm-damaged timber – proceeding in Baden-Württemberg after "Lothar"

Different timber, different assortments, different quality. Before starting processing storm damages you should be clear about the best order of processing.

05.07.2005
83.3383.3383.3383.3383.33 (22)
Strategies for storm damage management Strategies for storm damage management

How to find the best strategy for storm damage management? Several factors are to be considered. A reasonable way is to have a common strategy for all affected owners.

04.07.2005
77.6777.6777.6777.6777.67 (27)

3. Salvage Logging and Work Safety

Chipper Application when coping with Storm Damages Chipper Application when coping with Storm Damages

It is possible to use storm damaged timber for wood chip production. Whether the processing is profitable or not depends on different factors.

03.04.2009
74.074.074.074.074.0 (9)
Salvage Logging of Storm Damaged Timber Salvage Logging of Storm Damaged Timber

Safety training, organising the supporting machines, instruction of contractors, maintaining quality standards … Many things have to be taken into consideration for a safe and clean salvage logging.

03.04.2009
63.063.063.063.063.0 (28)
Harvesting Methods for Windthrown Timber Harvesting Methods for Windthrown Timber

Which harvesting method is most suitable when coping with storm damages? Depending on conditions and availability of machines different combinations are possible.

03.04.2009
66.6766.6766.6766.6766.67 (21)
Work Safety when Processing Storm Damaged Timber Work Safety when Processing Storm Damaged Timber

Dangerous situations - at the beginning of logging due to safe practices being underestimated or overlooked and later on as work becomes routine and is treated light-heartedly.

02.04.2009
75.6775.6775.6775.6775.67 (11)

4. Timber Storage

Timber Storage – Life Conservation Timber Storage – Life Conservation

It is possible to leave storm-damaged trees for up to two years in conservation without processing, if certain conditions are met.

27.02.2008
75.075.075.075.075.0 (20)
Timber Storage – Storage Over Bark Timber Storage – Storage Over Bark

The simplest way to store storm-damaged timber is the storage over bark alongside forest roads - if the period of time between processing and transport to the customer is known.

27.02.2008
79.3379.3379.3379.3379.33 (16)
Timber Storage – Dry Storage Timber Storage – Dry Storage

You are going to plan a dry storage for timber? Everything to be considered is listed in this recommendation.

27.02.2008
72.3372.3372.3372.3372.33 (40)

4.1 Wet Storage

Wet Storage – Armillaria Infection Wet Storage – Armillaria Infection

Sometimes Armillaria mellea can spread in wet stored timber over bark independent from irrigation system and quality.

27.02.2008
80.080.080.080.080.0 (15)
Wet Storage – Winter Operation Wet Storage – Winter Operation

This article shows how the irrigation system needs to be handled in winter to prevent the timber and the system itself from damage.

27.02.2008
74.074.074.074.074.0 (18)
Wet Storage – Miscellaneous Wet Storage – Miscellaneous

A lot of things should be considered in advance if you’re planning to build a wet storage site.

27.02.2008
70.070.070.070.070.0 (21)
Wet Storage - Costs Wet Storage - Costs

This article answers the question:"How much does wet storage cost?"

27.02.2008
83.3383.3383.3383.3383.33 (20)
Wet Storage – Water Extraction and Irrigation Systems Wet Storage – Water Extraction and Irrigation Systems

This article deals with all important questions about water extraction and irrigation systems.

27.02.2008
76.3376.3376.3376.3376.33 (21)
Wet Storage - Organising Storage and Removal of Timber Wet Storage - Organising Storage and Removal of Timber

Some rules to sustain the quality of timber and to keep track of wet storage.

27.02.2008
77.6777.6777.6777.6777.67 (18)
Wet Storage – Site Preparation Wet Storage – Site Preparation

How to prepare suitable wet storage sites.

27.02.2008
81.081.081.081.081.0 (23)
Wet Storage - Basics Wet Storage - Basics

Advantages and drawbacks of wet storage at a glance.

27.02.2008
81.3381.3381.3381.3381.33 (18)

5. Forest Protection

Prevention and Control of Wood Boring Insects Prevention and Control of Wood Boring Insects

After storm damages there is often a proliferation of wood boring species as well as bark boring species. They can do considerable economical damage.

29.02.2008
69.6769.6769.6769.6769.67 (32)
Application of Insecticides against Bark Beetles Application of Insecticides against Bark Beetles

Instructions for professional application of insecticides.

29.02.2008
82.6782.6782.6782.6782.67 (21)
Alternative Control Measures for Wood and Bark Boring Insects Alternative Control Measures for Wood and Bark Boring Insects

Alternative control measures can be applied to reduce wood and bark boring insects.

29.02.2008
74.6774.6774.6774.6774.67 (17)
Prevention and Control of Bark Boring Insects Prevention and Control of Bark Boring Insects

The most effective way of reducing bark beetle damage to conifers is "clean" forest practise.

29.02.2008
74.3374.3374.3374.3374.33 (26)
Integrated Forest Protection after Calamities Integrated Forest Protection after Calamities

Forest protection problems – mostly bark beetle calamities – mainly follow storm calamities. Integrated Forest Protection can be an important instrument for preventive measures.

28.02.2008
62.3362.3362.3362.3362.33 (23)

6. Timber Transportation

Timber Haulage by Railway Timber Haulage by Railway

For long distance transportation of timber after storm events the railway is a cost efficient alternative. Thereby additionally capacities for short distance transportation are made available. The article shows what has to be taken into consideration when organising transportation by railway.

06.04.2009
72.3372.3372.3372.3372.33 (18)
Alternative Trucks for Timber Haulage Alternative Trucks for Timber Haulage

Not only to avoid transportation shortages during catastrophes but also in normal times, truck transport systems with containers or trailers are an interesting alternative to common timber trucks.

06.04.2009
76.6776.6776.6776.6776.67 (20)
Timber Haulage by Ship Timber Haulage by Ship

For the first time after the "Lothar" stormlarge amounts of timber from Baden-Wuerttemberg was shipped to customers. The immense organisational effort demands careful planning and coordination.

06.04.2009
76.076.076.076.076.0 (18)

7. Regeneration and Afforestation

Regeneration and Afforestation of Storm Damaged Areas Regeneration and Afforestation of Storm Damaged Areas

Post storm the question arises: How to reafforest a side adapted stand? Through the assessment of the site and the existing and expected natural regeneration, it is possible to estimate the potential of the area to regenerate naturally.

06.04.2009
69.3369.3369.3369.3369.33 (24)

8. Subsidies and Public Relations

Public Relations after Storm Events Public Relations after Storm Events

Due to storm damage coverage, the forest and forestry receives a broad media response ("Only bad news is good news"). Ongoing media coverage of well chosen topics helps the public build a positive image of forest enterprises.

09.04.2009
74.3374.3374.3374.3374.33 (22)
Subsidies for Forest Owners after Storm Events Subsidies for Forest Owners after Storm Events

For heavily storm damaged forest enterprises public subsidies are necessary to survive.

07.04.2009
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