Climate and environment

Climate and environment

Not only does the change in climate have a direct or reciprocal effect on the forest but also various other environmental influences. On the one hand forest management is called upon to promote the adjustment and resilience of the forest. On the other it diminishes some of the human activities affecting the environment.

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35 000 teabags buried for forest research

Scientists around the world have buried thousands of teabags to better understand the litter decomposition and carbon cycle process in forests.

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Ozone levels are decreasing, but exposure of forests remains high

Forests in Europe still suffer from excessively high ozone levels. The good news is that ozone concentrations are declining slowly but steadily.

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The forest in Bavaria as a carbon store

Forests make an important contribution towards climate protection by actively removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The carbon stocks in Bavarian forests are relatively high. But how high, exactly?

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Beech foliage used to monitor the impact of a waste incinerator plant

For 40 years, researchers investigated the concentration of chloride, heavy metals and other elements in the foliage of a beech forest in the surrounding area of a waste incinerator.

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Rising CO2 levels are changing how fast forests cycle water

With rising levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere transpiration of plants may be changing. A better understanding of this process is important because changes to the water cycle can affect flooding, soil moisture, river flow, and weather changes linked to climate change.

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Mapping the potential future ranges of tree species in the Alps

We have used a species distribution model (SDM) to predict how species ranges may shift in the Alps as a result of projected climate change. Here we focus on the potential future range shift for two species Fagus sylvatica L. (European beech) and Picea abies (L.) Karst. (Norway spruce).

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Future Climate of the European Alps

Temperatures in the Alps are anticipated to increase between 1.8 and 3.8 °C by 2080, with the highest degree of warming in summer. The Alps will face higher warming than the surrounding mainland with consequences for forestry management.

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Climate change: Forests as a major keeper of greenhouse gases at risk of being lost entirely

Forests might lose their critical role as massive sinks for absorbing greenhouse gases. Climate change-induced environmental stresses threaten to damage forests and even decimate them worldwide.

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  (8 articles)
Heading image: FVA/Waldschutz