Forest ecology

Forest ecology

The forest is more than just the sum total of all its trees and more than a producer of raw materials: it is a manifold habitat. Trees and bushes, fungi and lichens all grow here. Apart from game many other animals live in the forest. Nature conservation aims at protecting this variety as well as single species. In addition the forest is also used by us for recreation and relaxation. The interaction and reciprocation between the various elements in the forest eco-system provide the framework for an optimal fulfilment of all forest functions.

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35 000 teabags buried for forest research

Scientists around the world have buried thousands of teabags to better understand the litter decomposition and carbon cycle process in forests.

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Red deer management concept Southern Black Forest

The management concept has been implemented since 2008. The concept is based on extensive research conducted prior to the development process. The key element of this management concept is a spatial concept with regulations concerning not only recreational uses, but also hunting, forestry and habitat management.

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Ozone levels are decreasing, but exposure of forests remains high

Forests in Europe still suffer from excessively high ozone levels. The good news is that ozone concentrations are declining slowly but steadily.

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Cycles and importance of the larch budmoth

The grey larch budmoth is a small moth that reproduces in masses in a regular cycle of eight to ten years. Its caterpillars feed on larch needles, which causes larch forests to turn reddish brown during a mass outbreak.

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Do Wildlife Warning Reflectors Influence the Behavior of Roe Deer?

Every year, 260,000 wild animals are killed in road accidents. Eight-five percent of those animals are roe deer. In Germany, one accident involving wildlife happens every two minutes. Does the light stimulus of the blue reflectors minimize behavior of wildlife that leads to accidents?

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01.03.2018 Wildcats in Bavaria
Wildcats in Bavaria

The wildcat was extinct in Bavaria. Now it is back, especially in the northern part. A monitoring programme based on DNA-analysis provides information on them.

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Income loss and work safety of the Habitat Tree Groups

Since 2010 habitat trees, habitat tree groups (HBG) and small-scale forest reserves have been designated and protected in the Baden-Württemberg state forest, as part of the Habitat Tree and Deadwood Concept (AuT). In order to increase the work safety HBGs are bundled.

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Chamois, ibex and red deer are moving to higher ground

Climate change has prompted three of the most common ungulate species in the Alps - chamois, ibex and red deer - to move to higher elevations in the late summer and autumn. The tendency of roe deer to move to higher ground was weaker.

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The forest in Bavaria as a carbon store

Forests make an important contribution towards climate protection by actively removing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The carbon stocks in Bavarian forests are relatively high. But how high, exactly?

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Plant diversity protects against landslides

Landslides repeatedly cause major damage in Switzerland. A report describes how soil stability can be improved long-term with relatively little input. Modified forest management practices and diverse vegetation can play an especially significant and cost-effective role.

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Heading image: Thomas Reich