Forest ecology

Forest ecology

The forest is more than just the sum total of all its trees and more than a producer of raw materials: it is a manifold habitat. Trees and bushes, fungi and lichens all grow here. Apart from game many other animals live in the forest. Nature conservation aims at protecting this variety as well as single species. In addition the forest is also used by us for recreation and relaxation. The interaction and reciprocation between the various elements in the forest eco-system provide the framework for an optimal fulfilment of all forest functions.

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Plant diversity protects against landslides

Landslides repeatedly cause major damage in Switzerland. A report describes how soil stability can be improved long-term with relatively little input. Modified forest management practices and diverse vegetation can play an especially significant and cost-effective role.

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Green areas have a positive impact on human health

Green spaces, especially forests, are good for human health. Spending time in natural and cultural landscapes increases not only our personal welfare, but can also reduce the costs for health care.

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Scientific Research as a Basis for Red Deer Management Concepts

Red deer are the biggest free roaming herbivores in Germany. Thus, it is essential to manage such populations on a large scale. However, managing red deer is difficult due to the various types of forest ownerships, small scale hunting grounds, and inconsistent handling of game winter feeding sites.

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The European Wildcat in the Upper Rhine Valley and region Kaiserstuhl

Since 1912, the European Wildcat was considered to be extinct in Baden-Württemberg for almost a century. Then two carcasses were found in the Upper Rhine Valley and genetically identified as pure wildcats. Ever since, continuous evidence of its occurrence has been found.

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Insects benefit from storms in the forest

Storm-ravaged woodland is approximately twice as rich in insect species as undamaged forest. Many endangered forest insects benefit from the brighter, warmer climatic conditions there.

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Multifunctional mire protection in the forest

For more than 200 years, mires were systematically and intensively exploited by mankind. Today we know that mire protection is also good for climate protection. This has given new momentum to the renaturalisation of mires.

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Green, amber or red? Species protected by the FFH Habitats Directive in Bavaria

The EU member states are required to monitor the state of the species and habitat types protected under the Habitats Directive regularly. Based on the results of this monitoring, the FFH Habitats Directive Report is published every six years.

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Beech foliage used to monitor the impact of a waste incinerator plant

For 40 years, researchers investigated the concentration of chloride, heavy metals and other elements in the foliage of a beech forest in the surrounding area of a waste incinerator.

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Energy wood and saproxylic species  – a dilemma

Wood offers considerable potential as a renewable energy source and as such, the federal government is keen to use more of it in the future. In this connection, however, it is important to keep in mind the needs of species for which deadwood is a habitat.

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Stand Dynamics in the Virgin Forest "Neuwald"

The virgin forest "Neuwald" is one of the last remnants of virgin forests left in the Eastern Alps. However, there not only a change of tree species can be observed, but a decrease of all three main tree species spruce, fir and beech.

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Heading image: Thomas Reich