Forest ecology

Forest ecology

The forest is more than just the sum total of all its trees and more than a producer of raw materials: it is a manifold habitat. Trees and bushes, fungi and lichens all grow here. Apart from game many other animals live in the forest. Nature conservation aims at protecting this variety as well as single species. In addition the forest is also used by us for recreation and relaxation. The interaction and reciprocation between the various elements in the forest eco-system provide the framework for an optimal fulfilment of all forest functions.

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Multifunctional mire protection in the forest

For more than 200 years, mires were systematically and intensively exploited by mankind. Today we know that mire protection is also good for climate protection. This has given new momentum to the renaturalisation of mires.

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Green, amber or red? Species protected by the FFH Habitats Directive in Bavaria

The EU member states are required to monitor the state of the species and habitat types protected under the Habitats Directive regularly. Based on the results of this monitoring, the FFH Habitats Directive Report is published every six years.

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Beech foliage used to monitor the impact of a waste incinerator plant

For 40 years, researchers investigated the concentration of chloride, heavy metals and other elements in the foliage of a beech forest in the surrounding area of a waste incinerator.

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Energy wood and saproxylic species  – a dilemma

Wood offers considerable potential as a renewable energy source and as such, the federal government is keen to use more of it in the future. In this connection, however, it is important to keep in mind the needs of species for which deadwood is a habitat.

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Stand Dynamics in the Virgin Forest "Neuwald"

The virgin forest "Neuwald" is one of the last remnants of virgin forests left in the Eastern Alps. However, there not only a change of tree species can be observed, but a decrease of all three main tree species spruce, fir and beech.

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How much water does the forest need?

The phenotype of forests and the growth performance of forest trees depend on the total water balance of the site. This article presents what factors play a role.

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Nature conservation in Bavarian forests

The condition of Bavarian forests is good. This is due in particular to forest landowners and foresters. Never the less, the topic of nature conservation in Bavarian forestry has experienced unusually intense debates, campaigns and assailments.

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Rising CO2 levels are changing how fast forests cycle water

With rising levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere transpiration of plants may be changing. A better understanding of this process is important because changes to the water cycle can affect flooding, soil moisture, river flow, and weather changes linked to climate change.

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Forest management and nature conservation in the Upper Rhine

With the expansion of the Rhine, local conditions within the Rhine floodplain have fundamentally changed regarding water regime.

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Two decades of natural forest reserves –  it’s getting interesting!

20 years of natural forest reserves, 195 natural forest reserves over a total area of 8403 ha – almost the size of a national park. Research in natural forest reserves is long-term research. This costs time and resources. And the long-standing observation plots are already bearing fruit.

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Heading image: Thomas Reich